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Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, comes in many varieties and various product types. The type of CBD these products are derived from, however, varies drastically in many ways. One of the simplest is in legality. In Australia, CBD is available in 4 legal forms. These are synthetic, isolated, broad-spectrum, and full spectrum. Let’s take a closer look at what each of the types of CBD is, how they differ, and their pros and cons.


Synthetic CBD is precisely what its name suggests, a substance made by chemical synthesis to imitate a natural product.Meaning this type of CBD is not naturally produced or derived from the cannabis plant species. Instead, it is artificially created in a lab. This type of CBD offers many benefits that naturally occurring CBD does not, such as consistency.

One of the most significant advantages to choosing a synthetic CBD product is that you can ensure that you will receive the same consistency of CBD every time. Synthetic CBD, however, does not offer a full spectrum of cannabinoids, nor does it produce the entourage effect. In essence, it is an isolated form of CBD as it does not contain any other cannabinoids, phytonutrients, or compounds.


CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD that you can obtain from the cannabis plant species. CBD isolate is isolated cannabidiol that has been extracted from a hemp or cannabis plant. Furthermore, CBD isolate has been completely separated from all other plant material and compounds, including other cannabinoids, terpenes, phytonutrients, and chlorophyll.

CBD isolate is one of the most highly concentrated forms of natural CBD available. However, it does not contribute to the entourage effects as no other components are present to contribute to the synergy needed.

Broad Spectrum

Broad-spectrum CBD is derived naturally from the cannabis and hemp plant species. This form of CBD also includes other valuable components such as terpenes, phytonutrients, and trace amounts of other cannabinoids, excluding CBD. This means that broad-spectrum CBD products can produce the entourage effect; however, they do not contain any THC trace amounts whatsoever.

This is great for those wanting to reap the most benefits from cannabinoid therapies without the fear or risk of failing a drug screening. Seeing how there are not even trace amounts of THC in broad-spectrum products, there is no risk of a THC build-up or a false-positive result on a drug test.

Full Spectrum

Full-spectrum CBD is the full package. This type of CBD includes everything the plant produces naturally. This includes CBD, other cannabinoids, including THC, terpenes, phytonutrients, and more. Full-spectrum CBD products offer all the potential benefits that this compound is known for with the added bonus of contributing fully to the entourage effect. Interestingly, it has been shown that patients taking full spectrum CBD products consume 2-3 times less than those patients taking CBD isolate products (44mg/day compared to 138mg/day)[1], offering patients the most for their money.

However, this type of CBD product should be consumed with high caution if you are subject to random drug screenings. This is because the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum products can sometimes result in a false-positive result. This is especially true if used frequently as THC could build up within the body, resulting in higher blood and urine concentrations.

To learn more about the approved CBD medicines in Australia, book an appointment here to speak with one of our nurse specialists.